Evaluation of factors that affect total cost of ownership in support of Transjakarta’s electric bus adoption plans

Adopting zero-emission electric buses (e-buses) for public transit presents significant challenges for fleet owners and operators. Transjakarta, the largest bus transit system in Indonesia, has an ambitious plan to fully transition to e-buses by 2030. That transition requires a better understanding of the main factors that affect capital and operational costs of conventional and e-buses […]

ICCT Authors: Adhi Triatmojo,