Planning the adoption of battery electric buses in Transjakarta: Route-level energy consumption, driving range, and total cost of ownership
This working paper explores the challenges and opportunities of transitioning from fossil-fueled buses to battery electric buses (e-buses) for public transport in Jakarta, Indonesia, with a focus on the Transjakarta bus system. The paper highlights the importance of energy consumption, operational range, and cost analysis for different bus routes in the context of electrification.
Key findings include the significantly higher efficiency of e-buses compared to diesel buses, the feasibility of operating certain routes with specific e-bus configurations, and the potential cost competitiveness of e-buses with extended contract durations. The study emphasizes the need for careful planning and route-level analysis to achieve the goal of a 100% e-bus fleet by 2030 in Jakarta.