CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers’ performance in 2014

This briefing provides a summary of CO2 emission levels of new passenger cars in the European Union, based on the provisional data recently released by the European Environment Agency. The EEA data shows that all manufacturers have achieved their 2015 targets ahead of time, with average emissions of 123.3 grams per kilometer (g/km) in 2014, a decrease of 3% compared to 2013.

A follow-up to last year’s briefing on the same topic, the paper details manufacturers’ performance in terms of CO2 emissions, fuel, and technology trends, and also discusses the impact of super-credits. The analysis is presented on the Member State level, as well as for manufacturer groups and individual brands.

All manufacturers comply with their 2015 targets and are on pace to reach their 2020 targets, with particularly notable progress by PSA, Toyota-Daihatsu, and Renault-Nissan. These groups have reduced their emissions by 10%, 9%, and 7% respectively; the total reduction required from the 2015 to the 2020 target is 27%.

Diesel vehicles (53% of total sales) and petrol vehicles (43%) dominate the market. Hybrid-electric (HEVs), plug-in hybrid (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) account for a 2.1% share of the EU market. The remaining percentage is captured by alternative powertrains such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG) and fuel cell vehicles. Low-emitting vehicles, i.e., vehicles with emissions below 50 CO2 g/km, benefit from the use of super-credits, a factor that gives such vehicles a higher weight in the calculation of manufacturers’ average emissions. The use of super-credits had an average impact on the CO2 fleet emission level of 0.7 g/km.