Consultant report


The amount of freight transported via inland waterways in China is projected to increase in the coming decades. To reduce emissions from inland shipping in line with China’s national goals for carbon peaking in 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, it will be necessary to improve the technology used and the operations of these ships. This study, written in Chinese, estimates future freight volumes and the CO2 emissions from inland shipping in 2060 under three scenarios: a baseline, business-as-usual scenario and scenarios of technology adoption and operational improvements that make shipping compatible with 2 °C and 1.5 °C of warming.

The energy density requirements of inland ships are relatively low, and thus electricity and other alternative fuels are easier to apply. Results show that increasing the proportion of electric ships in the inland fleet will do the most to reduce CO2 emissions in all three scenarios. Retiring older ships, use of shore power, and improved operational efficiency also contribute.

See the fact sheet in English.