Annual update on the global transition to electric vehicles: 2022


This briefing assesses the annual progress on the transition to electric vehicles (EVs) in 2022 at the global, regional, national, and state levels. Over 10 million EVs were sold worldwide in 2022, a milestone in the global transition to EVs. That was a 54% increase from 2021 and brought the cumulative number of EVs sold worldwide to 29 million. The global EV share of new vehicle sales also reached a record high of 13% in 2022, up from 8% in 2021.

Light-duty vehicles (LDVs) were the vast majority of overall EV sales in 2022, 99%, and heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) represented the remaining 1%. Battery electric vehicles comprised 73% of EV sales, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles were 27%, and fuel cell electric vehicles were 0.2% of global EV sales.

China was again the top market for EVs, with sales increasing by 82% year-over-year to 6.2 million EVs; that was 59% of the global total. It was followed by Europe as a single market, which had a 15% increase in sales to 2.7 million EVs and its sales were 25% of the global total. Rounding out the top three was the United States with a 50% sales increase from the previous year to 994,000 EVs sold in 2022 and 9.3% of the global total.


Figure. Annual electric vehicle sales globally by vehicle category (left), technology pathway (middle), and market (right) from 2018 to 2022.

Despite these developments, most markets were still relatively far from meeting their long-term vehicle electrification targets. Additionally, the electrification of the HDV sector, a disproportionate contributor to both air pollution and greenhouse gases, is at an early stage. This demonstrates the importance of further stimulating the EV transition in coming years.