Zero-emission commercial vehicle development: Webinar 4
Key notes and takeaways:
Chelsea Baldino, ICCT
- Scope of Renewable Energy DIrective II (RED II) is well-to-tank and other regulations manage tank-to-wheel.
- RED II does not include Indirect Land Use Change but sets cap on food and feed-based fuels (7%) and regulate by phasing out of “high-ILUC” feedstocks (palm oil).
- Renewable energy target for EU: 10% of road and rail transport.
- RED II revision proposal is a GHG reduction target supporting lowest carbon pathways better than an energy mandate.
Georg Bieker, ICCT
- This study covers EU, US, China and India markets and investigates lifecycle GHG emissions of conventional and electric vehicles in 2021 and 2030, respectively.
- Electric vehicle performs better than conventional counterparts in terms of total GHG emissions, and such gap will enlarge in the future.
- Only battery EVs and hydrogen fuel cell EVs have the potential to be near zero-carbon, also on a life-cycle basis.
- There is no realistic pathway to decarbonize combustion engine vehicles: the availability of e-fuels and low carbon biofuels is too limited to substantially reduce the emissions of the fuel mix.
- To limit global warming to 1.5 °C, the global passenger car fleet needs to be electric by 2050.
- With vehicle lifetime of 15-18 years, this requires that the registration of new combustion engine vehicles needs to be phased out by 2030-2035 – globally.
Huanhuan Ren, CATARC-ADC
- Lifecycle analysis can be used as an evaluation tool for energy saving and electrification in China, and carbon intensity will be a key indicator for regulation in the future.
- Studies about connection between dual credit system and carbon trading scheme (ETS) are being conducted. There are still some outstanding barriers before full implementation. For example, the underlying assets (carbon intensity for dual credit system v.s. carbon emission for ETS), trading prices for each asset (1204 CNY/credit v.s. 20 CNY/ton) and trading volumes differ significantly for two systems, which should be fully evaluated and harmonized before being merged.